• Allgemein

The Brussels Agreement

The Brussels Agreement: A Breakthrough in Belgrade-Pristina Relations

After years of hostile relations, Serbia and its former province of Kosovo made a historic breakthrough in April 2013. The two sides agreed on a normalization of relations, easing tensions and paving the way for both to move closer towards European Union membership. This agreement, known as the Brussels Agreement, was brokered by the EU, with the assistance of the United States.

What is the Brussels Agreement?

The agreement consists of 15 separate points, covering a range of issues including energy, telecommunications, and the judiciary. However, the most significant points deal with the status of Kosovo and the creation of an association of Serbian municipalities in Kosovo.

Under the agreement, Serbia would recognize the authority of Kosovo and allow it to participate in international organizations. Kosovo would, in turn, create a special court to try crimes committed during the Kosovo War, in which ethnic Albanians fought for independence from Serbia. Serbia would also allow for the creation of an association of Serbian municipalities in Kosovo, allowing for greater self-governance and autonomy for these communities.

Why is the Brussels Agreement important?

The Brussels Agreement represents a significant milestone in the long-standing conflict between Serbia and Kosovo. It is the first time that the two sides have agreed to such measures, marking a major shift in their relationship. The agreement paves the way for both Serbia and Kosovo to join the European Union, as both had previously been held back by their ongoing dispute.

Furthermore, the agreement provides a framework for continued dialogue and cooperation between the two countries, which is crucial for maintaining stability in the region. It also provides a path for resolving other outstanding issues, such as property disputes and border demarcation.

The Brussels Agreement also demonstrates the effectiveness of international mediation and diplomacy, as it was brokered by the EU with assistance from the US. This shows that peaceful resolutions to conflicts are possible, with the help of international organizations and third-party mediators.


The Brussels Agreement represents a significant step forward in the relationship between Serbia and Kosovo. While there are still challenges ahead, the agreement provides a framework for continued dialogue and cooperation, as well as a path towards European Union membership for both countries. The success of the Brussels Agreement highlights the importance of international mediation and diplomacy in resolving conflicts peacefully.